Tag Archives: front yard llc

Elm Court Investors

Both the Stockbridge and Lenox Zoning Boards recently approved extensions to the special permit granted to Front Yard LLC for the creation of a “Travaasa”-branded resort on the property. At those meetings, as reported by the Berkshire Eagle, an attorney representing the applicant alluded to delays caused by litigation filed by owners of neighboring properties; increased material prices; and the “complexity” of the project.

We have a few other ideas why investors may be leery of throwing money into the potentially bottomless money pit at Elm Court:

I      The project makes no economic sense. There is already existing over-capacity in the Berkshire hospitality industry. The expansion at Cranwell/Miraval will certainly put increased pressure on the industry, above all in the market segment targeted by Amstar/Travaasa. Demographic trends also pressure the market, with younger generations staying away from “destination resorts”, expressing preferences for Airbnb, glamping or smaller inns touch as Tourists in North Adams. In turn, older guests prefer the familiar traditional choices such as Blantyre, Wheatleigh and the Red Lion, all of which are running well below capacity. Then there are Canyon Ranch and Kripalu in the “Wellness” category to which Travaasa also aspires: formidable, established competition, with recently expanded capacity presently not being filled. Where is the market for Elm Court “Travaasa”? We don’t know, because Front Yard never made their case for economic viability during any of their appearances before local boards.

II.    The risks and costs associated with the promised “extensive renovation” of the existing Elm Court mansion are unknown. Are there serious lead paint and asbestos issues? Are the foundations for the wings structurally sound? Do other aspects of the rotting mansion retain structural integrity, or will it become necessary to essentially rebuild a sprawling Gilded Age trophy house? If that is the case, then why build a four-story big box right next to the “renovated” sprawling mansion, with all the associated costs of new construction?

III.    In order to obtain the special permits, the Amstar CEO at the time, Mr. Gabe Finke, promised to pay for both extensive municipal infrastructure (a complicated and expensive sewage connection as well as water upgrades), together with a sidewalk that would run from Elm Court to the town of Lenox, a sidewalk that many — if not most — of the impacted properties oppose. What are the risks and costs associated with this work? Here again, no specificity was provided regarding the budget nor engineering for these promised improvements in any of Front Yard’s appearances before local planning boards. Investors would need to carefully evaluate how these substantial risks and hidden costs might negatively impact their return.

IV.    Front yard/ Amstar has no development experience for a property of this size — or any size! Zero. They are a “cradle to grave” fund that buys properties, tries through a variety of strategies to add value to those properties, and then sell to the highest bidder. They make their money on the exit. Do investors trust Front Yard LLC and Travaasa — a brand now limited to a single operating property, in Hawaii — to manage a major development  project such as this? Obviously, they would need a development partner; but would any experienced developer be willing to assume the many known unknowns and unknown unknowns associated with this project? Amstar/Front Yard are promising a return of 7 or 8 percent based on 60 to 70 percent occupancy. Everyone has a dream, but are these numbers even remotely grounded in reality?


Obviously, there are future uses for the property that would make economic sense, and that the neighborhood would support. For example, the rotting wings could be removed, leaving the original (and far more architecturally distinguished) core of the residence as a small, boutique luxury inn. Such an Inn would be the heart of a limited residential development along the lines of nearby Bishop Estate, with most of the land held in common, and managed by an HOA. Canyon Ranch has struggled to sell its two million dollar condos, but the market for second homes, above all in prime locations such as Old Stockbridge Road, remains strong. As many of us who live here have submitted from the start of this long process, a reasonable, low impact use would be welcomed and supported. The existing plan, a plan that adds a second huge structure directly next door to what was once the largest private residence in North America in a market already saturated with resorts, hotels and other options, is just plain silly. No wonder the Front Yard attorney reports “difficulties” in rounding up investors!

Front Yard vrs. Spring Lawn

Spring Lawn


The town of Lenox recently permitted a development of the former Spring Lawn mansion that will eventually be similar in size to the resort proposed by Front Yard LLC for Elm Court. From a town planning point of view,  the Spring Lawn proposal had a number of obvious strengths:

1. The entrance is on a major state road, Route 7A, with sidewalks, clear sight lines and a bicycle lane. The road is also engineered to state specifications, able to absorb high levels of commercial traffic.

2. Spring Lawn is located at the edge of town, meaning that key infrastructure already exists to support the development; it also means that guests are likely to walk at least some of the time, to access restaurants and cultural attractions in Lenox.

3. The development strategy is incremental, meaning that the owners will begin with renovations of the existing mansion and carriage house, and then assess impacts and economics prior to proceeding to the next stage. We see this incrementalism as both prudent and sound not just for the owner/developers, but also for the town and for neighbors.

4. The owner/developers worked hard, over the course of many years, to build consensus and address the concerns of key stakeholders. They also have history and roots in Berkshire County, and we take them at their word that they will be accountable and responsible regarding neighborhood impacts.

Now let’s look at the Front Lawn LLC proposal for Elm Court, where not a single one of these positive qualities applies:

1. The entrance is on Old Stockbridge Road, a narrow country lane that was formerly an estate carriage path, a road with no shoulders and many blind spots. The road carries an existing commercial traffic exclusion, meaning that it has not been engineered to absorb large numbers of service vehicles.

2. Elm Court is located over a mile from Lenox town, meaning that guests are likely to drive up and down the road, with multiple trips per day. Elm Court also has no existing sewage tie-in; the Lenox line would have to be extended south for at least a half mile. The impact of this construction will be huge, and potentially damaging to Gilded Age storm drains, architectural features and legacy trees.

3. The Front Lawn application represents one of the largest expansions of commercial use in the hospitality sector ever proposed in Berkshire County, from the existing 19 rooms to 112 rooms, all in one giant step. This means that there will be no checks nor balances along the way. It also means that once the Annex is built, there will no longer be any flexibility within the use for the property in the future; for example, it will never be able to be converted back to a private residence, nor to a luxury Country Inn like Blantyre or Wheatleigh.

4. Front Lawn LLC is an investment vehicle affiliated with a Denver-based real estate fund that specializes in flipping properties. They are accountable to their investors, not to the towns, and not to neighbors. Yes, we know all about “Travaasa”, but there is no guarantee that these branded resorts will not eventually be sold. Amstar generates most of their profits on exiting properties, in a strategy they call  “Cradle to Grave”.


Maybe Spring Lawn will have problems with sustainability through time, but at least the project makes some sense from a planning point of view. The Front Yard project makes no sense whatsoever, will have massive negative impacts, and should be rejected in favor of a use that will be in harmony with the residential character of the existing neighborhood.